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Thursday, November 19, 2020 | History

2 edition of summary of spacecraft loads data from four Titan Centaur Launch Vehicle flights found in the catalog.

summary of spacecraft loads data from four Titan Centaur Launch Vehicle flights

George Kachadourian

summary of spacecraft loads data from four Titan Centaur Launch Vehicle flights

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  • 26 Currently reading

Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Washington, Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Launch vehicles (Astronautics),
  • Artificial satellites -- Dynamics.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementGorge Kachadourian.
    SeriesNASA contractor report ; NASA CR-2645, NASA contractor report -- NASA CR-2645.
    ContributionsUnited States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvii, 82 p. :
    Number of Pages82
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15219038M

      Centaur Test Flights May 8, Centaur F-1, after spending 15 months on the launch pad the vehicle exploded when Centaur insulation panels failed shortly after launch. Novem AC-2, first successful launch of Atlas-Centaur with a Centaur single burn of seconds. No payload was carried.   NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft launched atop its Titan/Centaur-6 launch vehicle from the Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex in Florida on September 5, , at a.m. local time.


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summary of spacecraft loads data from four Titan Centaur Launch Vehicle flights by George Kachadourian Download PDF EPUB FB2

The payloads carried by the first four Titan Centaur Launch Vehicle flights were a Viking Spacecraft Dynamic Simulator, the Helios-A Spacecraft and the the two Viking Spacecraft. Dynamic loads data were gathered by the NASA Viking Project Office from these four flights.

These data are summarized and compared with Viking design : G. Kachadourian. Get this from a library. A summary of spacecraft loads data from four Titan Centaur Launch Vehicle flights.

[George Kachadourian; United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.]. A summary of spacecraft loads data from four Titan Centaur Launch Vehicle flights / Kachadourian and United States.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Abstract. Final report, Mar. Prepared by General Electric Company, Hampton, Va., for Langley Research Center, under contract NASIncludes bibliographical references (p. A compilation of spacecraft loads data from four Titan Centaur Launch Vehicle flights.

Volume 3, part 1: Shock spectra of transients Kachadourian, : G. Kachadourian. A compilation of spacecraft loads data from four Titan Centaur Launch Vehicle flights.

Volume 3, part 1: Shock spectra of transients Time histories and shock-spectra of vibration and acceleration were obtained during the TC-1, TC-4 and TC-3 launch and staging events. summary of spacecraft loads data from four Titan Centaur Launch Vehicle flights book Summary plots are presented and comparisons to Viking Program midfrequency sine test requirements are made.

The payloads carried by the first four Titan Centaur launch vehicle flights were, a Viking spacecraft dynamic simulator, the Helios A spacecraft, and the two Viking spacecraft.

Dynamic loads data were accumulated from these four flights for application to the Viking spacecraft. The accoustics data include time histories and spectral analysis.

The Titan IV/Centaur is the only vehicle capable of delivering this launch energy, and then accelerating Asterius out of Earth orbit on its trajectory. For a spacecraft of total wet mass kg, the maximum launch energy that the Titan IV/Centaur, with solid rocket motors, can.

Figure B. Evolution of the Centaur Upper Stage from the Atlas Centaur to the Titan IV Launch Vehicle The evolution of the Centaur upper stage at the time of the Titan IV vehicle is shown in Figure B. The TIII E -7 Centaur launching the Voyager spacecraft is shown in Figure C.

Two configurations of the Atlas Centaur Launch are shown in Figure D. A proposed "Titan C", powered by four Titan 1 engines at liftoff, was being considered for later orbital flights.

In late the suborbital work shifted to the newly authorized, yet-to-fly Titan 2 and studies began for a subsequent Titan 2/Centaur type launch vehicle for orbital flights. Here were most of the big contractors working together under NASA's prodding to create a complex, but successful launch vehicle that made history.

In mid, NASA began studying Titan 3/Centaur for deep space missions. At the time, Titan 3C was under development and Titan 3D was under study.

The Centaur is a family of rocket propelled upper stages currently produced by U.S. launch service provider United Launch Alliance, with one main active version and one version under m ( ft) diameter Common Centaur/Centaur III (as referenced in the infobox) flies as the upper stage of the Atlas V launch vehicle, and the m (18 ft) diameter Centaur V is being.

The Titan Centaur program will conclude after the flights of the last two Titan Centaur missions in The Atlas program has successfully launched 62 consecutive Atlas Centaur missions.

The latest Centaur upgrade was in support of the Atlas V family of launch vehicles. The Common Centaur builds on the Single Engine Centaur (SEC). Fuel and oxidizer and the vehicle's "brains"; fires twice, once to insert the vehicle-spacecraft stack into low Earth orbit and then again to accelerate the spacecraft out of Earth orbit and on its way towards Mars.

Two interstage adaptors connect the first stage of the Atlas with its Centaur upper stage. launch vehicle would not be chosen since it can only carry a payload of kg. The design team must choose a launch vehicle that has the lift capacity to support the mission.

The launch vehicle must also be reliable because the payload is expensive. Ideally, the design team wants the launch vehicle to create little or no vibrations. The Titan II and Gemini capsule together stood feet tall (33 meters).

The Titan II used a mixture of hydrazine and Aerozine as fuel. For an oxidizer (an agent that allows fuel to burn), it used nitrogen oxidizer and hydrazine are hypergolic agents, which means that when you mix the two together, they ignite.

The Titan II had two sections, or stages, that separated at a. Flight data file Vehicle: Titan 4B/Centaur Payload: Milstar 2-F2 Launch date: Feb. 27, Launch window: GMT ( p.m. EST) Launch site:. The vibrations of liftoff were computed by analysis of data from earlier Titan-Centaur flights and the February proof flight of a Titan IIIE-Centaur D-1T launch vehicle (this flight and preparation of the Viking launch vehicle are discussed in appendix E).

Despite the necessary destruction of the Centaur stage on this flight after its main. The Titan IV / Centaur Upper Stage vehicle is manufactured by Lockheed Martin for the Air Force.

Centaur's role is to provide the final delivery of the Space Vehicle (payload) into a desired orbit. The tests were designed to determine: (1) spacecraft and launch vehicle loads and the effect of the hatches on launch stability, using a six percent model of the spacecraft and launch vehicle; (2) the effect of large angles of attach, Reynold's number, and retrorocket jet effects on booster tumbling characteristics and attachment loads; (3.

In the 's, Centaur was combined with the Air Force Titan III booster to provide a capability to launch larger spacecraft. Together, with Atlas and Titan boosters, Centaur served as the upper stage for probes and fly-by's to other planets, to Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.

Titan III-E/Centaur The Titan III-E/Centaur, first launched inhad an overall height of meters ( feet). Designed to use the best features of three proven rocket propulsion systems, this vehicle gave the U.S, an extremely powerful and versatile rocket for launching large spacecraft on.

Later flights. The pad LCB was hastily brought online, with an entirely successful AC-6 launched on 11 August Although Centaur appeared flight-ready, the Surveyor program was delayed.

Vehicles AC-7 and AC were designated for the first Surveyor missions, with AC-8 to carry out one more test, which took place on 7 April at GMT with a payload of ,7 kg. Uplink communications is via S-band (bits/sec command rate) while an X-band transmitter provides downlink telemetry at bits/sec normally and kbps for playback of high-rate plasma wave data.

All data are transmitted from and received at the spacecraft via the meter high-gain antenna (HGA). Aboard Titan/ Centaur on its proof of concept flight were a dynamic simulator of the Viking spacecraft and a small scientific satellite (SPHINX) designed to determine how high voltage solar cells, insulators, and conductors are affected by the charges particles in space.

KSC's Unmanned Launch Operations Directorate conducted the launch. The Titan, Centaur, and Centaur Standard Shroud performed perfectly on both launches. The orbiters and landers arrived on Mars in July and Septemberrespectively.

NASA Lewis Research Center's Launch Vehicle Division posed for the th Centaur launch in Image credit: NASA › View Larger Image Another Titan-Centaur sent Helios 2. space. Centaur also is the first U. vehicle using liquid hydrogen as a fuel. Liquid hydrogen is superior to previous or conventional rocket propellants because of its high energy yield compared to fuel weight.

To support these and other important unmanned spacecraft flights, it is necessary to complete the principle development of the. According to Muckley, the shorter version, Centaur G, was to be used to launch DOD payloads, the Magellan spacecraft to Venus, and TDRSS [tracking and data.

In this historical photo from the U.S. space agency, a Titan III-C launch vehicle is launched in September of Titan vehicles are designed to. The first operational Atlas/Centaur (AC) carried the NASA Surveyor I spacecraft to the moon in a direct ascent lunar transfer trajectory.

This was the first in a series of seven Surveyors designed to develop soft-landing technology and to provide basic scientific and engineering data. The normal two stage Titan IIID rocket was modified to the Titan IIIE featuring the addition of a Centaur D-1T third stage, resulting in the largest and most powerful launch vehicle designed for.

August 29 Family: Titan, Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur. Centaur upper stage to be used with either Atlas or Titan boosters. ARPA issued order Number establishing the Centaur program that would provide a high energy, liquid-fuel upper stage for use with either the Atlas or Titan.

Four impingement tests were conducted to obtain the desired heating data from an exhaust plume. INTRODUCTION TC-1 was the first flight of the Titan-Centaur launch vehicle. The failure of the LOX boost pump to operate precipitated an extensive in-vestigation into the cause of the failure.

The LOX boost pump is installed directly in a sump at the. launch vehicle for manned flights and to verify the adequacy of the a. Demonstrate structure and thermal integrity, and cmpati- biliry of the launch vehicle and spacecraft, and determine structural loads and dynamic characteristics during powered and coasting flight.

&unch Data Launch :e#.- 39 Pad A Launch Azimuth’5 of N. The Titan 2 space launch vehicle that flew 12 Project Gemini missions evolved into the Titan 3 and Titan 3C in the mid s. Titan 3s sent 82 military and civilian satellites into orbit between.

Nevertheless, the G-Prime configuration of Shuttle-Centaur was quickly adopted by the Air Force and served as the upper stage with their new Titan IV launch vehicle.

This integration with Titan IV. 12 13 Mass-Ratio Effect on Final Load Factor Thrust Weight =n(loadfactor)= Thrust mg o n initial= Thrust m initial g o;n final= Thrust m final g o •Thrust-to-weight ratio = load factor •If thrust is constant n final n inital = m initial m final =µ Final Load Factor, g Initial Load Factor.

The foot-tall rocket combined the Air Force Titan III with the NASA high-energy Centaur final stage. The twin solid rocket boosters had a combined liftoff thrust of million pounds. Titan IIIE Centaur. Titan IIIE Centaur, launched seven times between andused a high-energy Centaur upper stage to increase performance.

The first launch, on 12 December failed. All additional launches were successful. Several high-profile space probes were launched on Titan-III. (Febru ) The first Titan/Centaur lifted off from Complex 41 at Cape Kennedy Air Force Station at AM EDT.

The Titan stages burned as programmed, but when the Centaur stage failed to ignite, the Range Safety Officer destroyed it. The new NASA rocket was launched on a proof of concept flight designed to prepare it for twin Viking launches to Mars in and other missions Views: K. Titan/Centaur-6 launch vehicle from the Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex in Florida on September 5,at a.m.

local time. The twin Voyager 1 and 2 spacecraft are still operating and. The Delta launch vehicle family began in when NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center awarded a contract to Douglas Aircraft Company (now Boeing) to produce and integrate 12 space-launch vehicles.

The Delta used components from the U.S. Air Force's Thor intermediate-range ballistic missile as its first stage and the U.S. Navy's Vanguard launch.Alternate Names. ; AtlasCentaur9; Facts in Brief. Launch Date: Launch Vehicle: Atlas-Centaur Launch Site: Cape Canaveral, United States Mass: kg Funding Agency.

NASA-Office of Manned Space Flight (United States) Discipline. Engineering.Drawings from TITAN IIIE/CENTAUR D-IT SYSTEMS SUMMARY. In regards to your comment about asymmetry of the booster, each SRM had a tank, mounted on opposite sides of the vehicle, so it's not as bad as it looks from that photo.

the Indian Space Research Organization's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle.